Theses
< 2019>
2019-01-18
ION HANCU
2019-01-29
MARIA MAFFEI
2019-02-22
FRANCESCO RICCI
2019-03-06
CLARA GREGORI
2019-04-16
PETER SCHMIDT
2019-05-02
LUCIANA VIDAS
2019-05-03
HANYU YE

The Insulator-Metal Phase Transition in VO2 Measured at Nanometer Length Scales and Femtosecond Time Scales


May 2nd, 2019 LUCIANA VIDAS Ultrafast Dynamics in Quantum Solids
ICFO-The Institute of Photonic Sciences


The physics of transition-metal oxides presents a challenge to our current understanding of condensed matter physics. The main difficulty arises from a competition between electron-electron and electron-phonon interactions to dictate the properties of these complex materials. This issue is particularly apparent in vanadium dioxide, which undergoes an electronic and structural phase transition close to room temperature. Despite more than 50 years of research, the origin of the transformation is still actively debated, with contradictory interpretations often reported. The main goal of this thesis is to re-evaluate the phase transition in VO2 with a combination of new experimental techniques, ranging from the midinfrared to hard x-rays, that can probe the transformation at nanometer length scales and femtosecond time-scales. This allows to disentangle the roles of phase separation, laser-induced heat, and electron and phonon dynamics to the insulator-metal transition. The results from these experiments provide a unified and new picture of the nature of this process, both in and out of equilibrium, in which the electron-phonon interactions are the main driving mechanism. Furthermore, the new techniques and analysis presented here for VO2 can be applied to the study of other controversial complex materials that exhibit remarkable properties, and answer thereby some of the key outstanding questions in condensed matter physics.


Thursday May 2, 11:00. ICFO Auditorium

Thesis Advisor: Prof Dr Simon Wall